But what, exactly, does an editor do and why does an author need one? I mean, the author already edited the book fifty bisquillion times, so it should be fine, right?
Welllll…maybe. But I’m going to venture a guess that 99.999999% of the time, the author is so close to the manuscript and has seen it so many times that obvious things will be missed--and not-so-obvious things will go unnoticed.
As for what an editor does—or, at least, what I do as an editor:
1. An editor has to learn the story inside and out and pay attention to every single detail on every single page. Her brain has to be set to hyper-hyper-hyper-aware mode, so that she can remember little details that could come back a hundred pages later. Keep in mind that she might not get to that hundredth page for a week, so she has to remember it all that time. She has to know the details so that if they’re contradicted, she can fix this or mention it to the author.
2. An editor has to know the characters backwards and forwards so that if something happens and it seems out of character, she can mention it and try to help the author figure out how to fix it. She has to know the story backwards and forwards so she can spot plot holes and offer suggestion to the author on how to fix them.
3. An editor has to get the flow of the story and learn the author’s style so that she can suggest ways to make certain sentences flow more smoothly while not disturbing the author’s voice. She has to pay attention to what words/phrases the author uses so she knows if the author is particularly fond of a particular word or phrase. Then she works with the author on cutting out some of those words or phrases so they don’t become annoying.
4. And in addition to all of that, an editor has to know the rules of grammar—and if she doesn’t know, she needs to be willing to find the answers. Her best tools are Google, Merriam-Webster dictionary/thesaurus, and other editors who might know the answer. She has to know where commas go, what adjective phrases need hyphens, the importance and correct use of past perfect tense, the importance and correct use of all tenses, the differences between all sorts of homophones, the proper uses of apostrophes, whether to use who/that/which, and a million other little grammatical details.
5. A good editor is invisible—she helps the author tweak and clean up and fix the book, but when a reader is going through the book, that reader should never see how much work was done to the manuscript.
6. And the editor is only human—she catches everything she can, but she also knows that since she has started editing, she has not yet read a published book that didn’t have some mistakes—even NYT bestsellers. Because with everything the editor does on the manuscript, as much as she strives for perfection, there might be something she misses. She does the absolute best she can.
Editor Laura Fact: On average, it takes me about two weeks to edit an 80,000 – 100,000 word manuscript—sometimes a little less, sometimes more. That’s just the first round. Then I send it back to the author for revisions, and then I have one last look at it. The second look typically takes a few hours, but can sometimes take a day or two.
Now, I’d like to give you a little glimpse of what the editing process is sometimes like for me. In some ways, it's like the stages of writing a book--the ups and downs and emotional highs and emotional exhaustion. I present to you Laura's Stages of Editing:
Now, in the end, it is always, always, always the author’s book. I can make suggestions and recommendations until I’m blue in the face. It doesn’t mean the author is always going to take the suggestions. And that’s their choice.
But an editor is not trying to stomp on the author’s thoughts or ideas or characters—well, not the editors I know, anyway.
The author is attached to their writing. They’ve created the world and written the words and poured sweat and tears and countless hours into it. It’s normal to feel protective of it.
The editor is not attached like that. The editor sees the story, the words, the phrases, the grammar, the flow, the style…and does her best to help the author make it all shine.
Of course, there are all sorts of different personalities, too—maybe one editor and author won’t really click, but another one will. So finding an editor who works well with you is also important. Tristi Pinkston did a great blog post about that here: Finding a Good Editor
*Have you ever worked with an editor? Was it a good experience? Do you feel that editors are necessary for your book?